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Until recently, for the same disease diagnosis, doctors have prescribed the same treatment to all patients. However, individuals are biologically different from one another. There are several forms and several subtypes of the same disease and each possess its own "molecular signature".
Today, new "targeted" therapies allow, in some cases, a personalized medicine which consists in choosing the most appropriate treatment according to the patient’s biological profile and his disease’s molecular characteristics. Measuring a biological marker to adjust the dose of a drug relies on Personalized Medicine.
This medicine has undergone great developments in cancerology thank to a thorough knowledge of the functioning of the cancer cell.